Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and attitudinal variation.
The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic. • 2% of the flowering plants in the world; • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species); • 4% of mammals on earth; • 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species ); • 319 species of exotic orchids; • 600 indigenous plant families;
Nepal at a glance Area : 147,181 sq. km
Location : Situated between china in the north and India in the south, east and west.
Capital : Kathmandu
Population : 23.1 Million
Language : Nepali is the national language. However travel-trade people understand and speak English as well.
Currency : Nepalese Rupee
Political System: Multi-party democracy.
Religion : Nepal is a secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindus and Buddhist population.
Climate : Nepal has four major seasons, namely, (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: Jan-August, (4) Autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited the whole year around.
People : Nepal has more than 101 ethnic Groups and 92 spoken languages.
What to Wear : Light weight clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm garments are required in October-march. An umbrella or a raincoat is must for the rainy season.